Gum Disease Treatment – Manahawkin, NJ
Stopping the Bleeding and Swelling in Your Gums
One of the most prevalent diseases around the world is gum disease. In fact, research shows that some 80 percent of the adult population in the United States has some degree of this chronic disease. And while gum disease is not curable, it can be treated. At Young Dentistry, we offer a number of procedures and treatments to stop the advance of gum disease and reverse the effects.
Why Choose Young Dentistry for Gum Disease Treatment?
Various Services Available
Under One Roof
Dr. Young and His Staff Treat
You Like Family
What is Gum Disease?
First, let’s examine how gum disease begins. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a bacterial infection that affects not only your gums, but if left unchecked can begin to damage the connective tissue and underlying bone that supports your teeth. Bacteria live naturally in your mouth, particularly in plaque—that gooey substance that builds up on your teeth and along the gum line. If plaque is not removed with regular brushing and flossing, then it hardens to become tartar, where bacteria multiply and infection can set in.
Initially, you may notice that your gums are a bit sore and swollen, or they may even bleed sometimes. These are all signs of gingivitis, the beginning stage of gum disease. At this point, a more meticulous approach to your at-home oral hygiene may be all that’s necessary to stop gingivitis. Some patients brush and care for their teeth incorrectly and never notice the signs of problems developing or that exist.
However, if gingivitis progresses to become periodontitis, then more serious symptoms may occur; this includes gum recession, swollen gums and deepened gum pocket, pus, tooth sensitivity, and bone recession around the teeth which can lead to mobility of teeth, severe infection of the periodontal pocketing that can ultimately lead to tooth loss. With this degree of gum disease, Manahawkin, NJ, residents can turn to Dr. Young for the appropriate periodontal treatment.
Scaling & Root Planing
During your thorough periodontal examination six areas around each tooth are checked for depth and these depths, bleeding areas, recession, attachment loss, mobility and areas of pus are charted on to Dr. Young's Periodontal computer system which tracks your periodontal health and status which is checked on each of your recall visits.
The first step we take to treat your gum disease is a process known as scaling and root planing. Once you are comfortable and Dr. Young has administered a local anesthetic, or one of the newer powerful numbing gels are placed, one of our gentle hygienists will use special instruments to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. When we remove the plaque and tartar, we also remove the bacteria that initially led to your gum disease. After scaling, we perform root planing, which smooths the rough spots on root surfaces, so plaque is less likely to adhere. After meticulous root planning is completed sub-gingival irrigation of all teeth and pockets with various anti- bacterial solutions. After treatment, Dr. Young may elect to insert a topical antibiotic in the gum pockets around your tooth to treat the infection. For patients who have severe periodontitis, additional therapy may be necessary, such as bone grafting, tissue grafting and gingival or periodontal flap surgery.
Even after a deep cleaning has been performed, some bacteria might still remain (or become trapped in) the pockets that have formed between your teeth and gums. Your mouth will only heal if these areas are kept bacteria-free long enough for the gums to reattach to the roots of your teeth. Thus, we’ll typically apply antibiotics to the pockets while your mouth is recovering so that the medication can continue to fight the bacteria over a matter of days.
Severe gum disease can put you at risk for tooth loss; if you don’t want to end up with a gap in your smile, we’ll need to repair the gum tissue that was destroyed by the infection. To do this, we’ll perform periodontal surgery that is designed to restore and regenerate lost or damaged gum tissue so that it can continue to hold the teeth in place and function properly overall. The goal is to eliminate gum pockets and make it easier for you to maintain excellent oral hygiene.
When gum disease has been ignored for too long, even the underlying bone may start to break down. Bone tissue is capable of regenerating, of course, but we’ll need to be proactive about reversing the damage if we want to preserve your natural teeth. To replace the bone there are several types of extremely safe ways to replace the bone that was lost. This process is known as bone grafting.